Home > Blog > Python vs Java


Python vs Java


Python and Java are two of the most popular programming languages used today. Python is a high-level programming language that emphasizes code readability and simplicity, while Java is an object-oriented language known for its speed and scalability. Choosing the right programming language is crucial for any developer, as it can impact the efficiency and success of a project.

Python is a versatile language that is commonly used in fields such as data science, machine learning, and web development. It is easy to learn and has a large community of developers who contribute to its libraries and frameworks. Java, on the other hand, is widely used in enterprise applications, mobile development, and game development. It is a powerful language with strong security features and is ideal for building large-scale applications.

Choosing the right programming language ultimately depends on the specific needs and requirements of a project. Factors such as the scope of the project, the target audience, and the available resources should be considered when making a decision. By choosing the right language, developers can create efficient, scalable, and successful applications.

About Python

Python is a user-friendly, interpreted programming language that has gained immense popularity since its creation in 1991 by Guido van Rossum. Its key features include simplicity, readability, and a vast library of pre-built modules. 

Python is versatile, and it is utilized in a variety of fields such as web development, artificial intelligence, and data science. With the rise of big data and the Internet of Things, the future scope for Python is promising. 

The language’s open-source nature and the large community of developers are continuously working to improve and expand its functionality. Python’s increasing use and adoption demonstrates its immense potential and value to the programming community.

About Java

Java is an object-oriented programming language created by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1995. It is popular due to its speed, security, and scalability features, which make it an excellent choice for building enterprise applications, mobile development, and game development.

Java’s key features include its “write once, run anywhere” feature, which allows developers to write code on one platform and run it on any other platform without modification. It also has a vast array of libraries and frameworks available, making it a popular choice for developers of all levels.

While Java has a reputation for being difficult to learn, its syntax is similar to that of other programming languages, and it is designed to be intuitive and easy to use. With the right resources and dedication, anyone can learn to code in Java.

Comparison between Python & Java 

Python and Java are two of the most popular programming languages used by developers today. Each language has its unique strengths and weaknesses, making them better suited for certain tasks and applications. 

In this comparison, we’ll examine some key factors that differentiate the two languages.

  1. Speed: Java is generally faster than Python due to its Just-In-Time (JIT) compiler, which translates code into machine language at runtime. Python, on the other hand, is interpreted, which can lead to slower performance.
  2. Legacy: Java has a long history and is more established in the enterprise space, making it a popular choice for large-scale applications. Python, on the other hand, is newer and has gained popularity in the data science and machine learning communities.
  3. Code: Python’s syntax is simple and easy to read, making it a favorite among beginners. Java’s syntax is more complex and requires more lines of code to accomplish the same task.
  4. Popularity: Both languages are widely used, with Java being more popular in enterprise applications and Python being more popular in data science and machine learning.
  5. Practical Agility: Python’s ease of use and a vast array of libraries and frameworks make it highly versatile and adaptable. Java’s robustness and stability make it a solid choice for building enterprise applications.
  6. Syntax: Python uses whitespace to delimit code blocks, while Java uses curly braces. This can make Python code easier to read, but also more susceptible to errors caused by indentation.
  7. Salary: Both Python and Java developers are in high demand, with competitive salaries in the tech industry.
  8. Whitespace: While Python’s whitespace can make code more readable, it can also lead to errors caused by inconsistent indentation.
  9. Performance: Java’s JIT compiler makes it faster than Python in most cases, but Python’s ease of use and a vast array of libraries and frameworks make it a popular choice for data science and machine learning applications.

Overall, the choice between Python and Java depends on the specific needs of the project and the preferences of the developer.

Uses and Applications of Java VS Python in diverse fields 

Java and Python are both widely used programming languages in various fields. In game development, Java is preferred for mobile games, while Python is used for scripting and prototyping. For machine learning, Python is a popular choice due to its simplicity and a vast library of frameworks. 

In contrast, Java is less popular for machine learning due to its complexity and limited library. Both languages are commonly used for web development, with Java being preferred for enterprise-level applications and Python for smaller-scale applications. 

For data science, Python is the most popular language due to its simplicity and extensive libraries. Java is also used for data science, but its popularity is limited due to the lack of libraries and complexity. In summary, Python is preferred for simplicity and ease of use, while Java is preferred for performance and enterprise-level applications.

Java vs Python: Comparison Table

To better understand the differences and comparisons between these two programming languages, down below is a concise comparison table.

Parameter  Python Java
1.             Syntax Easy to read and understand, Concise Difficult to read and remember,


2.            Performance Slower Faster
3.            Type of Language Interpreted language Compiled language
4.            Typing Dynamically-typed Statically-typed
5.            Line of Code Less line of code More line of code
6.            Learning curve Easy to learn Difficult to learn
7.            Used best for Machine learning, AI and GUI applications Big data, enterprise level, embedded applications
8.            Machine Learning libraries TensorFlow, Keras, Sklearn, Pytorch Weka, Mallet, MOA, Deeplearning4j
9.            Game Development Engines Coco, Pygame, Panda3d JMonkeyEngine
10.         Example public class SayHello


public static void main (String args[])






Which language should you learn first? 

When deciding which programming language to learn first, factors such as personal preferences, job opportunities, and learning goals must be considered. Python is often seen as easier to learn due to its simplicity, readability, and community support, making it a popular choice for beginners. 

However, its slower performance may make it less suitable for certain applications. In contrast, Java is known for its speed and is widely used for web development and Android app development. 

Its complexity means that it may require more time to master, but it is a valuable skill for job opportunities. Ultimately, the choice between Python and Java depends on individual preferences and goals.

The final word on Python and Java 

The comparison between Python and Java highlights the strengths and weaknesses of each language, making it easier for you to choose which one to learn based on your goals and preferences. Python is great for beginners, with a simple syntax and a large library of pre-built modules. 

It’s also widely used in data science, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. On the other hand, Java is a more complex language that is popular in enterprise-level applications and has a strong legacy in the industry.

Python Vs Java: FAQs

The following FAQs will give you important information on both Java and Python and give you deeper understanding of where both stand in popularity.

Q1: When to Use Python Vs Java?

Both Java and Python are general-purpose programming languages that can be used in a wide range of application development. Both the languages have their perks and limitations and it is of utmost importance to understand which of the languages best suits a specific project.

Java is best used if you want to develop web and mobile, mainly android applications, and is a popular tool for server applications in financial and banking services.

Python meanwhile as a programming language works best when developing the latest technological applications related to Data Science, Machine Learning, and Artificial Intelligence.

Q2: How much time is required for learning java vs python?

Python is considered to be one of the easiest programming languages to learn. Due to its concise and easy-to-read and understandable syntax, Python makes a great option for coding beginners. Moreover, due to its extensive libraries and user-friendly features, it makes for a simpler learning curve and the basics of Python can be learned in a week or two.

Java on the other hand is known to be a complex programming language. It is a difficult language to read and understand and for a beginner in programming it can take about a year to fully grasp the basics and its functionalities.

Q3: Is python a good choice for web development vs java?

When it comes to web development, Java takes a slight advantage here. Both the languages are confined to the back-end server space which means that they are responsible for developing the software that can work flawlessly on the particular server. Back-end development from scratch can be a complicated and daunting task and that is why developers have created frameworks to help assist them with these projects.

This is where Java is a go-to option due to the availability of a variety of platforms for back-end development work. This provides you with a plethora of options to choose from depending on the task up ahead. A good example is Spring which has a massive ecosystem and is used by Orange, Dell, and other big enterprises. Python’s most popular back-end development framework is Django.

 Q4: What should I learn Python vs Java?

Both Python and Java have widely used programming languages, each having its focus and functionalities. Python is becoming very popular among the latest technological developments due to its use in Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence. And as advancements continue in the AI and data science fields, learning Python can be strategically a very good choice. Additionally, it is a very easy language to learn and work with.

Java can be a complicated language to learn but even after a good 20- 25 years, the language still resides on the top-tier of programming languages. But compared to Python, it is a lot easier to compile, debug and analyse code over on Java. And additionally, Java is still the best-suited option if you are looking at mobile, mainly android application development. But for a beginner in programming, Python is simply the best.


After going through the comparisons and various parameters. Which do you think best suits you? As mentioned earlier both Java and Python are highly efficient and powerful programming languages. Both have their unique plus points and also limitations. While they both look to provide general-purpose functionality; it is important if you want to work effectively to choose the one that is best suited for the particular project. With rapid advancements in Artificial Intelligence and text-and-image processing, Python can be the centre of many of those technological developments.

If you are a newbie in coding and programming then we would suggest learning Python before Java. We provide a certified Python course in Pune which not only covers the basics but also looks to provide in-depth conceptual and practical information on various related topics like data handling and API concepts. Our program also looks to make you industry-ready by practically working on real-time projects.

The program has 18-24 lectures and goes through a total time duration of 60 hours.

To register and know more about our Python training program visit the link, and fill out the enquiry form.



Share This Post
× How can I help you?