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Selenium Testing : Pros & Cons of Opting the Course

Selenium Testing : Pros & Cons of Opting the Course


Countless hours are spent testing a web app to ensure it’s useful in and outside the local development environment. Before Selenium, this testing fell to some manual testers, enacting and reenacting hundreds of test case situations on all benchmarked browsers, flagging what broke and looking for to pinpoint the supply of that breakage.

Today’s development methodologies work in significantly shorter time frames of four weeks. Shipping new, bug-free releases at that point require deterministic, repeatable testing that gives near-immediately feedback. That’s why Selenium testing is important for development today.

What is Selenium all about? 

Selenium is a free (open-source) automated testing framework used to validate web applications all through particular browsers and platforms. You can use multiple programming languages like Java, C#, Python, and so on to create Selenium Test Scripts. Testing completed using the Selenium testing tool is commonly referred to as Selenium Testing.

Selenium Software isn’t only a single device but a set of software, every piece catering to specific Selenium QA testing desires of an organization. Here is the listing of tools

  • Selenium Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
  • Selenium Remote Control (RC)
  • WebDriver
  • Selenium Grid

Pros of Selenium Testing: 

  • Open source/no licensing cost: Selenium has no premature expenses or bills to be made for its usage. It is Open Source which permits for extension and amendment of the base framework for one’s private or professional usage.
  • Language-independent: QA operating on a specific language don’t want to study a brand new language simply to automate their Tests using Selenium. Selenium offers official Language bindings with C#, Java, Ruby, JavaScript, PHP, Python. There are multiple unofficial language bindings for the rest of the languages as well.
  • Third-party integration: Selenium does not limit a QA’s preference of reporting tools, construct structures, or another factor in their Development/Testing Stack. It integrates properly with famous tools which include SauceLabs, Selenium-Grid, Extent, JUnit, and others.
  • Parallel testing: Selenium helps parallel Test Executions through integrating with Selenium Grid
  • Cross-browser and platform-independent testing: Selenium helps all of the popular net browsers which include Google Chrome, Firefox, Opera e.t.c. And it really works on all of the available Operating System platforms which includes Windows, Mac, and Linux
  • Community support: Selenium is sponsored through a massive network that actively contributes to the Tool and documentation. Given above are the motives which make Selenium an excellent preference for Automation in Enterprises and SMBs all over the world. However, as time flows and technology advances, we want to conform and undertake more recent tools to maintain pace. The same is the case with Test Automation.

Cons of Selenium testing: 


  • High initial cost: It is true that Selenium is free and there are genuinely no licensing charges involved. However, in terms of ROI and Initial Cost, we want to consider multiple other factors. Firstly, the setup and configuration of a Test Framework from scratch take plenty of time and this wasted time translates to High Initial Cost if the requirement is urgent. Next, for a Testing team that is composed mainly of manual Testers, which offers higher value – empowering the skilled manual testers who’re Subject Matter Experts to write down automated tests or to rent a technical workforce to automate the one’s Tests and train them
  • Not an All-in-one solution-requires 3rd party tool bindings: Selenium as a framework isn’t always a whole, comprehensive way to completely automate the testing of Web Applications. It requires third-party libraries, language bindings, and so forth to be usable and genuinely effective. You want different libraries and an awesome automation framework that includes TestNG wrapping those libraries to make it an entire solution for end-to-end testing requirements.
  • The difficulty of managing local test infrastructure: Parallel Testing could be very much feasible with Selenium Grid – However, is it economically possible to set up and control the additional infrastructure(Test Machines) considering the reality that the necessities for gadgets vary with projects.
  • Slow test development due to script-based approach: Creating stable and maintainable tests in Selenium isn’t always easy because it calls for professional understanding in any of the famous programming languages
  • Eventually becomes a parallel development solution: There’s a lot of complexity involved in bringing a couple of matters collectively to create a powerful and tremendously functioning test automation environment based on Selenium. It takes massive technical efforts and calls for consistent updates, improvements, and maintenance of the entire surroundings. Eventually, it turns into a parallel development task that small and medium-sized organizations cannot afford in the early stages.
  • Inability to integrate continuous testing/ In-sprint automation: With its code-based technique and excessive dependence on the UI, it is tough for Selenium-based projects to shift the testing to the left, that’s required for continuous testing.
  •  No participation from non-technical resources: In continuous delivery and DevOps, excellence is everyone’s responsibility. But with the cryptic code-based approach, only programmers can create the test cases. And this isn’t always restricted to just Selenium-based Automation however all code-based Testing solutions.
  • Test automation is always is an isolated process: However you combine different tools in the development cycles, because of the lack of concrete integrations with Test Management and Requirement Management solutions, Test automation is constantly an isolated process to a degree with plenty of manual work that is required to maintain the techniques in sync.

Scope of Selenium Testing: 

As net applications are taken into consideration to be the subsequent big factor for lots of organizations worldwide, take a look at automation market trends that are gradually growing with large demand with Selenium. Many top companies internationally rely upon Selenium assets for his or her test automation needs. If you’re prepared to dive deep into taking a look at automation and benefit from superior level knowledge in it, then Selenium will assist you to land a higher and more profitable role for your career.

However, no software program has ever been produced without bugs; this genuinely illustrates that the want for automation testing is ever. Hence the future appears bright for Selenium with infinite opportunities.

Last but genuinely not least, what abilities must you possess to turn out to be a Selenium Professional.


Selenium is one of the excellent automation testing tools which can be used to automate web browser interactions. You can carry out automation testing by writing code in any of your chosen languages supported through Selenium and may effortlessly run your automation script to automate the testing of an application or a process. Its ease of use makes it exclusive from other gear and with the assistance of an online grid you can even run your tests in parallel throughout multiple browsers.

 Selenium training in Pune at Ethans Tech has numerous merits, we ensure students make great use of Selenium for Automation Testing, deliver excellent tasks and study the most demanded technology among manual testers using the most famous programming languages.

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